How can a three pillar non-military approach increase Japan's influence worldwide?
The impact of news media framing on public opinion of the U.S. and Chinese involvement in Africa.
Iran used both top-down and bottom-up approach to utilize its soft power and exert influence before sanctions were lifted. The emphasis at this time was more on the bottom- up approach. But Iran’s priorities in soft power strategies have tactically shifted due to the sanctions reliefs and its application of hard power.