GRAHAMSTOWN, South Africa – Public diplomacy is usually identified with and examined as the use of “soft power” by one nation or another. But the public diplomacy of non-state actors has had an impact sometimes even more profound than the efforts of the most powerful governments.

Any number of NGOs can claim a major impact on policies of governments and even world organizations through efforts in what could be characterized as public diplomacy, efforts that defeated far better organized and resourced forces arrayed against them.

The Cultural Diplomacy in Africa Forum Presents a One-Day Conference on Global Integration, Demographic Change and the Challenges Facing an Increasingly Interdependent World

Reflections on early lessons of AFRICOM's public diplomacy.

The Defense and State departments cite public diplomacy as an essential element of AFRICOM. But can and should the U.S. military engage in public diplomacy?